By DR. DJUWARI
IT IS time for the national leaders, policy makers, schoolmasters, and university presidents to think of the fast advancement of science and technology. Life when viewed from an education perspective tends to create a dilemma. Think of it— for the developing countries— we are in the arena of the world which is globally very competitive.
A few weeks ago, a friend of mine posted in WhatsApp (WA) social media, a link to the news. It was stated that within 10 or 15 years, one of the best universities— even in the world as it was mentioned -- will lose their functions. The faculty members will lose their job, because of the fast advance of technology. All their functions can be immediately replaced by the technological education instruments. Whether it will come true or not, the signals of the present development nowadays provide us the clue toward such speculation.
Let’s investigate the business world in our entire environment. A few years ago, we had a teller division in banking industries. Now, we have eye-witnessed that all transactions can be done digitally. Everything can be done electronically. Paying in cash for the shopping transaction can be done electronically. Drawing and saving the money can also be done electronically. All these kinds of banking transactions can be done in real time without seeing the teller staff in the counter.
The phenomenon above has implication towards education in banking science. The teller staffs that have been formulated in a curriculum will no longer be rewarded in the future for the students in a college of banking. Even, there will be more banking functions that can be replaced with the technological instruments.
A few years ago, we had a postman delivering the mails to every house or offices. Now, all the information transactions can be sent using electronic mails (e-mails). The position of a postman has disappeared, except when delivering a package. But, it is also clear that some functions in those post offices will no longer be used.
How about in education? The great technological MOOC (Massive Open Online Courses) is one of the examples of education product rationalization. When talking about rationalization, technology can be utilized. All the learning process can involve thousand attendants. Imagine when such huge participants are taught using the traditional way of teaching. It is so obvious that rationalization is identical to huge efficiency.
If the function of a teacher or faculty members can be replaced with technological instrument, the news about this disappearing function can come true. Sooner or later, any functions in education industries can also be replaced with technological instruments.
In that perspective, there is a dilemma in education. The curriculum designed today might be very quickly useless in the very near future. What are listed in the curriculum will no longer be relevant to the real life in the near future. This dilemma must be discussed seriously by all the education leaders. Policy makers, university presidents, school head masters should think hard about their students’ future.
It is time for them all, to work creatively and efficiently. The prospect of the students is a priority. Curriculum should be based on the long future prediction. Otherwise, the materials deigned in it will not be relevant by the time the students graduate from their colleges or schools.
There are some possibilities to be done. First, it deals with the upgrading. This upgrading is related to the teachers or faculties. They should always be involved in technology utilization. The fields of sciences should be adapted to the technological development.
Secondly, the policy makers should work hand-in-hand with the school principals or university presidents. They should have a great design nationally regarding the education system. Schools and colleges or universities throughout the country should become the national government’s responsibility. Education is related very much to the strategy of national development for the human resources. The wrong plan of this strategy will make the whole nation left behind in any aspects. In the long run, chaos in a variety of life dimensions will be the crucial problem nationally.
Editor’s Note Dr. Djuwari is the managing editor of the journal and book division, STIE Perbanas Surabaya. He is also the guest lecturer at Ottimmo International Master-gourmet Academy, Surabaya; The advisor of Indonesia Association of Press Practitioners/ Journalists in East Java province (HIPSI), Indonesia. He is also the president of the International Association of Scholarly Publishers, Editors, and Reviewers (IASPER).
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