By DR. DJUWARI
SO far we have observed the political chaos in some countries, when nearing the presidential election. Besides the presidential level, the regional leader election can also create some chaos, including in my own country. Political consideration dominates the decision for choosing the leaders. Yet, the concept of leadership is not only based on political factors. Other aspects can be more important for consideration. Leaders are not only able to lead.
When there is a leader in any country or organization, they tend to be trapped only by their job to merely lead the people: on the top position with commands only. In that situation, their mind is always filled up with the orders or commands toward their subordinates. They cannot motivate, develop, and even direct their subordinates towards the vision and mission. The most dominant actions they show up are the rigid procedures that are strictly done without any innovation or alteration.
The concept of leadership in that situation requires redefinition. The country and the government policy makers or the organization and its top management should be reengineered.
The common concept of leadership, based on BD dictionary, is conceptually described in a more detailed. For example, leadership deals with establishing the vision. In this context, they should formulate the future clearly by stating it for their subordinates to understand.
Vision and mission as well are designed based on the country or whole nation values or the organization values. By doing so, the stated vision and mission can be shared by all members. In this sense, almost all leaders have done it. They all have stated their vision and mission for the country or organization. But, they cannot communicate it with the subordinates because of being lack of communication skill. It is concerned with attitude as the model as well.
For that reason, there are still other duties to be done by the leaders. They should be able to provide information, knowledge, and methods to realize that vision. In this context, leaders should communicate so consistently and frequently with all their subordinates. Otherwise, they cannot make their subordinates well versed with the vision and mission they have stated.
The president of a country should provide their cabinet members and the nations with enough information. In this duty, the president can minimize the information asymmetry: the policy makers and public. It is a fact that information asymmetry proved to have a great effect on the incompatibility between the results of the policy execution and the nations’ welfare. The policy makers can enjoy the results of the policies while the people are the victims of the policies. The people tend to be the spectators.
The policy makers dominate to have all the information dealing with the public policies while the whole nation have less or even zero information about the nation’s plans and implementation.
The people do not know whether the national plans and executions are beneficial for them or only the policy makers. In more micro consideration, an organization should also decrease the information asymmetry. This is for the whole staff to see where they are directed to.
The most important duty of the leaders is balancing the conflicting interests of all members and stakeholders. In the national level, the president must be able to handle all the conflicts among the parties, groups, communities with their different interests. Making some or one group satisfied with his administration policies will lead to more serious conflict. Chaos will come up again and again when the national leader is concerned with only a certain group: nepotism.
When in an organization, the whole members are the subordinates that have the same opportunities based on their expertise and personal development.
The leaders should be able to detect which subordinates need developing their talent and expertise without looking at individuals’ entities: like and dislike. In that manner, the leaders are considered to have a skill to balance the conflicting parties with different interests.
Last but not least, leaders should be smart in providing guidance. In a national level, the president can provide guidance and counseling for their cabinet members. When the president is unable to do this, the cabinet members have their programs bogged down. In an organization level, the leaders should also provide solutions to their subordinates’ problems. In this case, they should have communication skill for guiding and providing consultation.
Unfortunately, not all the leaders have communication skill so that their subordinates do not trust them. The president, the director or manager must be the model of any action for the subordinates.
They must not only command. They should inspire, motivate, guide and provide consultation for their subordinates.
Dr. Djuwari Sarkawi is the Head of Research Journal and Publishing Department, STIE Perbanas Surabaya. He is also the guest lecturer at Ottimmo International Master-gourmet Academy, Surabaya; The advisor of Indonesia Association of Press Practitioners/ Journalists in East Java province (HIPSI), Indonesia. He is also the president of the International Association of Scholarly Publishers, Editors, and Reviewers (IASPER). https://djuwari.wordpress.com/bout-djuwari/
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